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What is VAPT (Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing)?

What is VAPT (Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing)?

Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing (VAPT) is an information technology (IT) market segment that combines two types of vulnerability testing into a single offering. VAPT tools and services can assess vulnerabilities within a system or application and help administrators prioritize which vulnerabilities to address first.

VAPT tools and services are used to help businesses:

  • Comply with GDPR and PCI DSS regulations.
  • Avoid data breaches.
  • Improve the organization’s security posture.

Techopedia explains VAPT (Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing)

VAPT tools have both vulnerability assessment and penetration testing features. Vulnerability assessment is the systematic examination of an information system or products to identify security gaps. Penetration testing then checks how well a system, device, or process can withstand active attempts to compromise its security.

Importance of VAPT

There are many reasons businesses need VAPT services. Some of the main reasons are:

To comply with safety rules: Many industries are regulated by laws that mandate VAPT. For example, the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard requires companies that process credit card payments to submit to VAPT on a regular basis.

To avoid data breaches: VAPT can help identify vulnerabilities that can be exploited by hackers to gain access to sensitive data. By patching these vulnerabilities, organizations can reduce the risk of a data breach.

To improve the security posture: VAPT not only helps organizations find and fix vulnerabilities, but also gives them the ability to assess their overall security posture. This information can be used to make improvements to the security infrastructure.

How VAPT Works

The first step in VAPT is to identify all systems and applications that need to be tested. This can be done manually or using a tool. Once the list is ready, each system or application is scanned for vulnerabilities using a VAPT tool. These tools use a variety of methods to find vulnerabilities, such as network mapping, port scanning, and banner capturing.

Once the vulnerability assessment is complete, a penetration test is performed on systems or applications with known vulnerabilities. The objective of this test is to exploit vulnerabilities and gain access to sensitive data or take control of the system.

There are many VAPT tools available in the market, each with its own set of features and capabilities. When choosing a VAPT tool, it is important to consider the needs and requirements of your business. Popular VAPT tools available today include:


Acunetix offers a wide range of features, including DAST analysis, network mapping, and manual pen tests. It also has a reporting feature that provides information about your website security.


This VAPT tool focuses on web application security testing. It offers functionality for DAST scanning, manual pen testing, and reporting. Arachni is a popular VAPT tool among web developers.

Astra Security

Astra is known for helping developers and security experts collaborate. This comprehensive VAPT tool offers DAST scanning and manual pen test capabilities. Astra VAPT comes with an intuitive dashboard which can be used to manage vulnerabilities.

Burp Suite

A comprehensive VAPT tool with capabilities for web application security testing, network scanning, and manual pen testing. Burp Suite is one of the most popular VAPT tools among penetration testers.


Invicti, formerly known as Netsparker, allows scheduled scans at specific times. This feature can be useful for analyzing physical websites after business hours.


Wapiti is a popular open source choice among penetration testers due to its ease of use and ability to generate detailed reports.

Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP)

OWASP ZAP is a popular choice among penetration testers due to its flexibility and extensibility.